Conrad D. James (born 1974) is a politician and scientist from Albuquerque, New Mexico, and a member of the Republican Party.

James was born in in Columbus, Ohio, where he graduated from Walnut Ridge High School. He received a B.A.summa cum laude in electrical engineering from the University of Notre Dame in 1996. He went on to earn a M.S.(1999) and Ph.D. (2002) from Cornell University in applied and engineering physics. His doctoral dissertation focused on the fabrication of microelectrode arrays to monitor the electrical activity of in vitro neural networks as a function of network architecture.